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Open Access Highly Accessed Research

The role for scientists in tackling food insecurity and climate change

John R Beddington1, Mohammed Asaduzzaman2, Megan E Clark3, Adrian Fernández Bremauntz4, Marion D Guillou5, Molly M Jahn6, Erda Lin7, Tekalign Mamo8, Christine Negra9*, Carlos A Nobre10, Robert J Scholes11, Rita Sharma12, Nguyen Van Bo13 and Judi Wakhungu14

Author Affiliations

1 Government Office of Science, London, UK

2 Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies, Dhaka, Bangladesh

3 Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Campbell, Australia

4 Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Mexico City, Mexico

5 INRA, French National Institute for Agricultural Research, Paris, France

6 University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA

7 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China

8 Ministry of Agriculture, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

9 Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change, New York, NY, USA

10 Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, Brasília, DF, Brazil

11 Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Pretoria, South Africa

12 National Advisory Council, Prime Minister’s Office, New Delhi, India

13 Vietnam Academy of Agricultural Science, Thanh Tri, Ha Noi, Viet Nam

14 African Center for Technology Studies, Nairobi, Kenya

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Agriculture & Food Security 2012, 1:10  doi:10.1186/2048-7010-1-10

Published: 20 July 2012

Abstract

To adapt to climate change and ensure food security, major interventions are required to transform current patterns and practices of food production, distribution and consumption. The scientific community has an essential role to play in informing concurrent, strategic investments to establish climate-resilient agricultural production systems, minimize greenhouse gas emissions, make efficient use of resources, develop low-waste supply chains, ensure adequate nutrition, encourage healthy eating choices and develop a global knowledge system for sustainability. This paper outlines scientific contributions that will be essential to the seven policy recommendations for achieving food security in the context of climate change put forward by the Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change. These include improved understanding of agriculture’s vulnerability to climate change, food price dynamics, food waste and consumption patterns and monitoring technologies as well as multidisciplinary investigation of regionally appropriate responses to climate change and food security challenges.